In my previous post, we had discussed Annamaya Kosha. This post is an attempt to answer the question “What is Manomaya Kosha?” Manomaya Kosha is the dimension of mental experience and interaction with the self and the external environment. The Manaomaya Kosha is a very important and mysterious aspect of the human personality. Yoga says that mind has four specific aspects, and these are known as manas, buddhi, chitta, and ahamkara.
Manas is the aspect of mind which is involved in contemplation of the experiences of the sensory perception. For example sound is there, we may accept it or we may not accept it; head and cold are there, we may enjoy it or not enjoy it. This involvement of the mind with the sense organs, the sense perception, and the external environment is the attribute of manas.
The second aspect is buddhi, the intellect. Buddhi is the rational understanding of human nature. When we try to see the concept of right and wrong, of the just and the unjust, this is an aspect of buddhi. Rationality, understanding, acceptance, and rejection are the four attributes of buddhi.
The third aspect is chitta which receives impressions of the present experience and stores it for future use in the form of memory, in the form of subconscious understanding or in the form of knowledge. The fourth aspect is ahamkara, the ego factor which identifies the self with the environment in which we live.
Besides these four aspects of manomaya kosha, we also have feelings or emotions, and all these faculties and activities of manomaya have to be channelized. Normally there are too many distractions which do not allow us to focus on one experience for long. It is not anybody’s fault. It is the nature of the mind to jump from one thing to the next without allowing you the time to assimilate it.
When the mind and the attention are jumping from one thing to the next, subconscious and unconscious psychological stress is created. One can deal with external stress, but to deal with the subconscious and unconscious stress is very difficult. Yoga deals with this aspect of human personality by first of all creating a state of relaxation within the mind.
Before relaxation can take place there has to be an awareness of what is happening around us. If we have to close the doors and windows of the room we have to use our legs and hands, go there and make that physical effort to close the doors and the windows. In the same way, in relation to the mind, we also have to go through a process of first becoming aware of what is happening around us.
We have to identify what is necessary and what is unnecessary, isolating the negative reactions from the normal experiences, so that there are fewer distractions within the mind. Then we learn to focus the mind in one experience or state. This is known as pratyahara.
Hope you enjoyed this post. Please share with your friends and family and feel free to post comments, feedback or questions using the comment box below. I’ll be glad to respond at the earliest.
Carthik shares his Healthy Life journey. Do visit regularly to get updated on his progress and tips for your own journey to live healthily. If you like what he does and if you have a passion and want to share it too, then Click here to learn how to share what you love – on your website!